Maintenance is all about keeping your vehicle in good condition—either giving it what it needs to function efficiently, so it suffers less wear and tear, or fixing small issues before they become big issues.

Vehicles are complex machines with many intricately dependent, moving parts. When there’s an issue, even a small one, with one part of the system, it tends to get worse over time. It also starts to affect surrounding systems. This particular article focuses on measuring the tire tread to determine the overall health of tires.


 A popular technique being followed worldwide includes a coin to measure the tread and calculate the age of the tire. A much more accurate and reliable way to measure the tire tread is by a gauge.

Make sure that the gauge is leveled at zero points before you use it to measure the tread. In most of the countries, vehicles cannot travel on the road if the tread measurement is around 1.6mm.

The ideal and right time to change tires is when the tread is between 2.5 to 3mm. This is because the braking distance of your car will increase if the tread falls below 3mm.

If the tire pressure is more than the optimal pressure, the tire would have grated more from the middle rather than from the sides. The advice here is to check the pressure regularly and keep it at the optimal level.

This will prolong the life of your tires and save you from getting into a road accident. Moreover, if the measurement of the tread is different for all four tires, then it means that the wheel alignment is not right.

The best way to gauge whether the wheel alignment is not right is while driving. The car usually gets pulled either in the right or left direction. Make sure the wheel alignment is right to prolong the health and life of your tires.

Car Tire

Every owner must be acquainted with the coding mentioned on the tire. This code contains valuable information that comes in handy, especially while buying new tires. Coding is mentioned on the outer sidewall of the tire.

For example, 155/80R13 means that the tire’s width is 155 and the aspect radial is 80. The R13 means that the tire is radial and has a diameter of 13. Another code that can be seen on the sidewall is 79T, which means that the tire must not be exposed to speeds of more than 79 miles per hour.

Furthermore, the sidewall also contains information on the maximum amount of load that can be borne by the tire. The tire code also tells the date of production of the tire and reveals the number of week and year.

Another tip to prolong the life of your tires is to rotate them after every 10,000 km. This will have relatively equal wear and tear effect on all tires. The front tires get grated more compared to the rear ones.

This is because the front tires turn. Refrain from over-inflating the tires in summers especially. This can lead to bursting of the tires on a long route.

For all-wheel and rear-wheel-drive cars, the best way to rotate the tires is to put the rear tires in the front and vice versa. Cross the front tires when you are doing so.

The same technique is to be followed for a front-wheel-drive car; however, cross the rear tires when you are doing so. Always keep the tire pressure at the recommended level quoted by the manufacturer.

You can find this mentioned on either the inside of the trunk or the b-pillar of the car. The shelf life of a manufactured tire is 6 years.

This content was originally published here.